Ecotoxicity of Peracetic Acid to Freshwater Fish, Macroinvertebrate, and Plant Species
Authors: Block, David; Fisher, Patrick; Evans, Katherene; Bradbury, Nanette; Howarth, Jonathon
Source: Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, Disinfection 2009 , pp. 833-839(7)
Publisher: Water Environment Federation
Abstract:Peracetic acid (PAA) is currently under consideration as an alternative to chlorine based wastewater disinfection. However, in order for PAA to be approved for use in wastewater applications in the United States, ecotoxicity studies must be performed to verify claims that use of PAA would not cause harm to aquatic flora and fauna. This study describes the measured acute and chronic toxicities of various freshwater fish, macroinvertebrate, and algal plant species following exposure to PAA. Results of the study indicate PAA would not be expected to cause harm to freshwater ecosystems and aquatic life at residual discharged concentrations. Moreover, the measured toxicity values are also several times higher than those published for chlorine in similar test conditions, indicating use of PAA as a wastewater disinfectant could be an environmentally responsible alternative to chlorine derivatives.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2009-01-01
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