Skip to main content

Rural Water Quality Improvement in Amazonian Peru-Developing Effective Household Point-Of-Use Drinking Water Treatment Protocols

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

The USAID-funded Healthy Communities and Municipalities Project (HCM), managed by Management Sciences for Health (MSH), works with communities in seven of Peru's

Amazonian regions to identify their own health priorities; at the top of this list of perceived health needs is typically improved water. USAID asked the Hygiene Improvement Project (HIP) to partner with MSH to develop the Community Network to Improve the Quality of Household Drinking Water. This required developing simple point-of-use household water treatment options using inexpensive, locally available equipment and consumables in the absence of commercial water treatment products. In addition, MSH and HIP were asked to develop a simple sustainable system for communities to monitor the bacterial quality of household drinking water.

A small field team, working with MSH field staff and supported by HIP and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), conducted broad-based technical and behavioral diagnostics that included assessment of local organizational capacity; investigation of household knowledge and practices around water collection, treatment, storage and use; representative sampling and analysis of bacterial quality, turbidity and chlorine demand of ambient water sources; and availability of local materials for ensuring effective water treatment options. Using these assessments the team produced simple point-of-use (POU) household protocols for boiling, solar disinfection or SODIS, and chlorination using locally available bleach (sodium hypochlorite) products (since no commercial water treatment product is available). Additionally, the team focused on developing locally appropriate recommendations for storage and handling issues, which are important for all treated waters, but are especially critical when using SODIS and boiling since they lack the additional “protective” effect of residual chlorine, which reduces the risk of recontamination after treatment.

Setting up a simple system for water quality monitoring is not the same as ensuring people have the capacity to conduct water quality testing. Because of the difficulty in setting up a monitoring system given the lack of adequate support mechanisms in CurimanĂ¡, and because it was outside the scope of the project to institute them, the team concluded it was premature to proceed with instituting a district system for water quality monitoring.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Point-of-use treatment; SODIS; boiling; disinfection; household chlorination; turbidity reduction; water quality monitoring

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2009-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more