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Restoring Fish and Wildlife Habitat and Population within the Great Lakes Area of Concern

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Development of delisting targets for Areas of Concern (AOCs) is an essential step in the march towards restoration of potentially impaired beneficial uses and subsequent delisting of an AOC. Of the fourteen identified Beneficial Use Impairments (BUIs), twelve can be related directly to measurable water quality parameters. However two BUIs, Degradation of Fish and Wildlife Populations and Loss of Fish and Wildlife Habitat are more difficult to link directly to standards and delisting measures vary across AOCs. Delisting targets for the habitat and population BUIs strive to reflect a “local vision” for each AOC. Through use of available resources and input from a team of local, state and federal experts, a process detailed here identifies impairment causes, prioritizes restoration goal and project types and develops overarching targets. As an example, comparing delisting targets for three AOCs within Michigan demonstrates the complexity of restoring fish and wildlife within the Great Lakes.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2008

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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