Construction and Abatement of the Largest CSO on the Connecticut River
Abstract:It was determined that Combined Sewer Overflows (CSO's) released from the City of Holyoke, Massachusetts CSO#9 contributed to over one-half (0.5) billion gallons of untreated sewage entering the Connecticut River on an annual basis. The Environmental Protection Agency issued an Administrative Consent Order to the City of Holyoke which required the City to design, construct and operate improvements to control CSO discharges by September, 2004. On December 17, 2003 the City of Holyoke issued a Request for Proposals (RFP) for Operation, Maintenance, Repair and Improvements to the City's Wastewater System.
United Water teamed with Metcalf & Eddy Engineers and RHWhite Contractors to design, build, operate the new CSO Abatement Facility, as well the City's wastewater treatment facility improvements to treat a minimum of 235 million gallons annually of combined sewer overflows. No more than four untreated overflows could occur at CSO#9 outfall on an annual basis. Construction and project acceptance was to take no more than three years.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2008
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