Greenhouse Gas Management at a Wastewater Treatment Plant with Sludge Incineration: A Case Study
Abstract:Management of greenhouse gases begins with an inventory of greenhouse gas emissions within an organization's operational and organizational boundaries. The internationally accepted protocol for inventory construction is the Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard (CARS) of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol, developed by the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). The sole existing compliance reporting in the United States, California's General Reporting Protocol (GRP), has largely adopted CARS, and also the popular voluntary U.S. standard developed by EPA, the Climate Leaders protocol.
Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) present some unique challenges for emissions quantification and management. Process and fugitive emissions may be significant and quantification may be further complicated by the need to distinguish biological and fossil carbon. This paper examines emissions quantification challenges for a plant with activated sludge treatment and sludge incineration. The plant waste stream includes effluent from a refinery that contributes organic compounds of fossil origin.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2008
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