Skip to main content

Analysis of Estrogens and Alkylphenols in Wastewater by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Buy Article:

$9.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

An analytical method for the determination of the estrogenic contaminants estrone (E1), 17-β- estradiol (E2), 17-α-ethynylestradiol (EE2), progesterone and alkylphenols (nonylphenol, octylphenol) in wastewater treatment plant effluents was developed using two liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) methods that incorporate an automated solid phase extraction workstation for analyte concentration and sample cleanup. These methods are capable of measuring estrogens and alkylphenols at low part per trillion (ppt; ng/L) concentrations. The reporting limits for final effluent wastewater matrices are 1 ppt for progesterone, 2 ppt for E1, E2, EE2, 5 ppt for octylphenol, and 25 ppt for nonylphenol. The reporting limits for the steroids are some of the lowest for wastewater matrices of which we are aware when using methods without sample derivatization. Initial demonstration of precision (% relative standard deviation) was 5.4% or less and accuracy (% recovery) was 100±6% for all compounds. The methods are robust, automated and have been validated for both unchlorinated secondary and tertiary effluents.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more