Integrated Effluent and Sludge Management in the Kingdom of Bahrain
A new town, North Bahrain New Town (NBNT), is being constructed as a result of significant commercial growth in the Kingdom of Bahrain and requires the provision of a new 40,000 m3/d Sewage Treatment Plant (STP). In line with the international concept of the waste management hierarchy and given the arid climatic conditions in the Middle East, the priority for effluent and biosolids management was to reuse, wherever feasible, to maximise the resource value of these products. This paper reviews the effluent and biosolids re-use strategy options and how they led to the selection of treatment standards and to the development, selection and subsequent design of the new wastewater and biosolids treatment facilities. Also presented are the challenges faced and the need for special considerations to be made in the design of the new Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) plant under the specific climatic and wastewater conditions of Bahrain.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 January 2008
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