If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Meeting California Toxics Rule Limitations on Disinfection Byproducts by Use of Chlorine Dioxide for Effluent Disinfection

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


The California Toxics Rule (CTR) provisions of the City of San Luis Obispo Water Reclamation's Facilities National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit set stringent limits on trihalomethanes (THMs) in the treated effluent. These limits cannot be routinely met while using hypochlorite (HOCl) as the primary disinfectant, since chlorine compounds form THMs in the wastewater which exceed the permit limits. Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) was studied as an alternative disinfectant to determine its ability to achieve effective coliform inactivation without THM formation. A pilot plant was operated to demonstrate the effectiveness of ClO2 to achieve adequate levels of bacterial disinfection without forming THM byproducts. The ability of sodium bisulfite (NaHSO3) and activated carbon to remove any residual chlorite (ClO3 .) was also investigated. Results indicate substantial success in achieving these goals in pilot plant scale work and full-scale trials are currently underway.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864708788808762

Publication date: January 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more