Skip to main content

Landfill Disposal as an Approach to Reduce Discharges of Medicines from POTWs

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.

or click here to sign up for a free trial

Abstract:

The Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) initiated research in 1999 to evaluate the pathways and fate of active pharmaceutical ingredients from the consumer to surface waters. One potential pathway identified by PhRMA is the disposal of unused pharmaceutical products that are discarded by consumers in household trash and disposed of in municipal solid waste landfills. PhRMA initiated this study to evaluate surface water exposures through the landfill disposal pathway.

The estimated releases to surface water of 24 example active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) in landfill leachate were calculated for three assumed disposal scenarios: 5%, 10%, and 15% of the total annual quantity of API sold is discarded unused. The estimated releases from landfills to surface waters, after treatment of the leachate, were compared to the total amount of each example API that would be released to surface waters from publicly owned treatment works, generated by patient use and excretion.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864708790894142

Publication date: January 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more