Skip to main content

Comprehensive Emission Testing for Low-Level Toxics Conducted at a Municipal Sludge Incinerator

Buy Article:

$9.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Recent changes to Wisconsin's air toxics regulation, NR 445, and interest in developing site specific emissions factors prompted the Green Bay Metropolitan Sewerage District to conduct comprehensive emission tests of the two multiple heath incinerators operated at their 50 MGD wastewater treatment plant. In addition to criteria pollutants, GBMSD tested for eight dioxin, nine furan, and twelve PCB congeners; fifteen metals; three hydrogen halides; chlorine; and five organic compounds that are considered to be by-products of combustion. Emissions from each incinerator are controlled with a Venturi/Impingement scrubber.

Because pollutant formation may be influenced by combustion and/or post combustion temperatures, the two incinerators were tested at different solids loading rates (one test at a “maximum” rate and one test at a “typical” rate) resulting in two different combustion temperature environments.

Significant efforts were taken to ensure the detection limits from the dioxin, furan, and PCB analysis would be low enough to accurately assess compliance with applicable State of Wisconsin emission limitations.

Several publications present emission factors from multiple hearth incinerators operating with municipal wastewater biosolids including USEPA's Compilation of Air Pollution Emission Factors (AP-42), the FIRE Database, and An Inventory of Sources and Releases of Dioxin-Like Compounds in the United States for the Years 1987, 1995, and 2000 published in November 2006. We provide a comparison of the results of the GBMSD testing with these published values.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more