If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Plant Design for System Flexibility – Minimizing Process Modification Requirements in a Changing Biosolids Environment

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Wastewater and biosolids treatment processes are designed to support regulatory requirements for effluent quality and solids final use. However, it is common that future changes in the regulatory environment or solids management area can require subsequent modifications to the plant's processes. While the objective of the original design is to provide for anticipated future requirements, it can be difficult to predict when, or if, more stringent requirements will be imposed. Since higher levels of treatment correspond to greater capital and operating costs, treatment that exceeds anticipated needs is typically not desirable. Consequently, the goal is to design flexible systems that meet current needs but minimize future facility obsolescence or abandonment.

The design for the Wakarusa WRF in Lawrence, KS incorporates features that support initial liquid stream and biosolids treatment requirements, but allows relatively easy conversions and upgrades to meet potential tightening of effluent treatment criteria as well as changes in biosolids final use within the lifespan of the plant. These design features avoid abandoning or replacing equipment or facilities. This paper discusses design approaches incorporated in the Wakarusa treatment processes that can maximize system flexibility, which, in turn, will minimize costs associated with removal or abandonment of existing treatment processes.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864708788806322

Publication date: January 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more