Skip to main content

Development of Innovative Long-Term Nitrate Management Solution for Biosolids Application Fields

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


Columbus Water Works of Columbus, Georgia (CWW) owns and operates fields for the beneficial application of biosolids. With the permission of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources - Environmental Protection Division (EPD), CWW has applied biosolids at a Reclamation Site application field for approximately 27 years at rates in excess of the agronomic rate. The biosolids applications have resulted in nitrate impacts to the uppermost groundwater beneath the application fields ranging from 20 mg/L to 300 mg/L nitrate as nitrogen (nitrate-N).

Over the last four years, CWW has been developing an innovative, long-term, and cost-effective method of biosolids management at the Reclamation Site based on the concept of hydrodynamic groundwater containment. This biosolids management approach is designed to properly manage nitrate and includes continued application of biosolids on the Reclamation Site combined with a containment, extraction, reuse and treatment of the nitrate-impacted groundwater from within the Reclamation Site boundaries. The biosolids management solution is both protective of human health and the environment while also minimizing land use and providing for continued cost-effective and beneficial reuse of biosolids at the Reclamation Site.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2008-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more