A Proactive Approach to a Unique Utility
Responding to deteriorating water quality in the Chesapeake Bay, the Maryland Department of the Environment placed more stringent nutrient loading restriction on the land application of wastewater. As of 2004, groundwater discharge permits are required for systems with a maximum daily flow of 10,000 gallons per day or more. Howard County, Maryland agreed to be the owner and controlling authority for eight permitted on-site treatment systems with subsoil discharge. The facilities would be constructed beginning in 2007 and continuing through 2010. Planning for the systems entailed creating a new division within the Bureau of Utilities. The County Code, developer agreements and declaration of covenants were rewritten to protect the County and residents from poor construction and process failures of the treatment systems. Design manuals were revised to include standards and details for the on-site systems.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2008-01-01
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