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Chemistry of Chlorine Application and Production for the Disinfection of Water and Wastewater

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A thorough understanding of chlorine and sodium hypochlorite chemistry is essential in optimizing their usage in disinfection of water and wastewater. High price of both chemicals and hazards involved in their transportation to plant sites have prompted many utilities to consider generation of these chemical on-site. A detailed discussion of the critical engineering concepts in medium to large scale production of chlorine and sodium hypochlorite solution is presented in this paper. Results of an economic analysis for such a project undertaken by the Deer Island Treatment Plant of metropolitan Boston in the late 90's are also presented.
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Keywords: CHLORINE; DECHLORINATION; DISINFECTION; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; ON-SITE GENERATION; SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-10-13

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