This study has conceptually reviewed issues related to implementation of a groundwater mound monitoring well (GMMW) for monitoring recharged water from a surface spreading basin with emphasis on uncertain hydrogeological conditions. For this, we selected a recharge site in the City
of Mesa, Arizona, that is characterized with near surface clay lenses of low permeability. A geostatistical simulation technique was used for generating hydrogeological fields under the recharge basin, using soil boring logs and historical hydrological data. More than 50 hydrogeological fields
were generated and used for modeling. Five scenarios were formulated with varying parameter values and different initial and boundary conditions and each scenario was evaluateed with the 50 hydrogeological fields generated. Results of this study indicate that travel times to the mound may
vary by over one order of magnitude and the use of GMMW will only be practical for regulatory compliance in a homogeneous system.
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