Skip to main content

USING THE ANNAPOLIS PROTOCOL FOR RISK-BASED ASSESSMENT OF RECREATIONAL WATER – CASE STUDIES FRON NEW ZEALAND AND SAN DIEGO.

Buy Article:

$9.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

In 1999, the World Health Organization, in collaboration with the US EPA, proposed a new approach to beach risk assessment using a health-based monitoring program of recreational waters decided through consideration of the beach's recent microbiological status and its susceptibility to fecal contamination. This feasibility study was named the “Annapolis Protocol” (WHO, 1999).

For the past five years, New Zealand has been adapting this protocol for use at its recreational beaches nation-wide (MfE, 2002). Microbial data have been converted and collated for a minimum of five years to provide the basis for the Microbial Assessment Category. In addition, Catchment Assessment Checklists have been completed to assess risk from the surrounding land use. By combining these two risk-based procedures it has been possible to evaluate public health risk more effectively than by using indicator bacterial levels alone. In addition, it has provided the public with an easily understood grading system which individuals can then use to decide which beaches to visit.

This paper presents an analysis of the potential pros and cons of adopting such a system for Southern Californian beaches with particular emphasis on current Californian management practices including the use of AB411, the Ocean Plan, Basin Plan and the implementation of bacterial total maximum daily loads (TMDLs) to meet REC1 (contact recreational), REC2 (non-contact recreational) and SHELL (shellfish harvesting) beneficial uses.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more