NPDES Permitting and Sustainability: Conflicting Goals?
As regulators issue more stringent National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit limits, particularly with respect to nutrients, is the overall impact more detrimental to the environment? With increasing attention paid to the generation of greenhouse gases and their impact on climate change, further scrutiny of the cost-benefit of extreme nutrient limits is warranted. This paper assesses the balance between benefits to the receiving waters with the reduction of nutrients from the Upper Blackstone Water Pollution Abatement District's 45- million-gallon-per-day (mgd) wastewater treatment facility with the resultant environmental impacts caused by achieving these limits, in terms of power and chemical consumption, natural gas usage, air emissions, and sludge production.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2007-01-01
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