Skip to main content

Impacts Of Membrane Process Residuals On Wastewater Treatment: Utility Surveys and Results

Buy Article:

$9.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

The WateReuse Foundation (WRF) initiated the study, “Impacts Of Membrane Process Residuals On Wastewater Treatment to provide practical guidance to utilities on evaluating and managing these residuals. One component of this study was to survey water and wastewater utilities. Two surveys were developed: one for wastewater utilities receiving membrane residuals, and one for water (potable) utilities routing residuals to wastewater systems. The objectives of the surveys were to learn from utilities: their experience with membrane residuals disposal; problems (with residuals disposal, planning, or otherwise) they have experienced with these discharges, and approaches taken to handle them; control procedures in place, or that they suggest, for addressing membrane residuals disposal; and suggestions on future research needs.

Survey response rates were relatively low, as has been the case, unfortunately, for other, similar utility surveys. Nevertheless, a great deal of useful information was garnered from the surveys. A number of utility personnel reviewing and/or taking the surveys found much of the information in the surveys to be very informative and useful, such that the surveys point to information needs for developing planning and regulatory approaches that will be important as membrane usage grows.

In discussing the surveys and results, potential problems with membrane residuals are reviewed, including effects on physical-chemical and biological unit operations. In addition, evaluation and permitting approaches are discussed for considering accepting membrane residuals discharges to a wastewater system. Evaluation procedures followed at different utilities include monitoring studies before and/or after membrane discharge is initiated. Discharge permits can include testing requirements, and imposition of quantitative limits, on specific discharge parameters, as necessary.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more