Skip to main content

UV Degradation Kinetics of Estrogens by Direct Photolysis

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


The occurrence and behavior of natural and synthetic estrogens in the environment is presently of great concern. In this study, the direct photolysis of two natural estrogens, estrone (E1) and 17β-estradiol (E2), and one synthetic estrogen, 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) in aqueous solutions by ultraviolet (UV) irradiation was investigated. The experimental results showed both the apparent concentration and estrogenic activity of all three investigated estrogens in aqueous solutions decreased with direct UV irradiation. At the dosage similar to those used in UV disinfection of wastewater effluents, significant E1 removal was observed. The removal of E1 was much quicker than E2 and EE2 with initial concentration both at mg/L and μg/L ranges. With 2 mins exposure of UV light, at the initial concentration of 1 mg/L, 76% of E1 was removed, while less than 20% of E2 and EE2 were removed. The degradation of the three estrogens by UV irradiation follows pseudo first order reaction kinetics. The degradation rate constants of E1 were approximately 5-10 times higher than those of E2 and EE2 at various initial concentrations. The estrogenic activities of the intermediate products are negligible and there is no secondary risk to increase the estrogenic activity as a result of photolysis of estrogens in water under the experimental conditions in this study. Further research needs to be carried out to test the feasibility of direct UV irradiation as an alternative treatment process for estrogens removal from wastewater.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: October 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more