This study investigated the fate and transport of endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) during wastewater treatment and sludge digestion. Samples were subjected to cyclohexane extraction before being measured by recombinant yeast estrogen screen assay (YES) using 17β-estradiol
(E2) as standard. In wastewater samples, estrogenic activity was preferentially associated with larger colloids; a linear correlation between estrogenic activity and organic nitrogen concentration was observed in primary effluents. In sludge samples, the majority of estrogenic activity was
found in the solid phase and less than 5% of the total estrogenic activity was contributed from the liquid phase. In a two-stage anaerobic-aerobic digestion, the measured estrogenic activity increased dramatically during the first anaerobic stage but dropped during the second aerobic stage.
A higher estrogenic activity was detected in anaerobically digested sludge with a longer SRT, however, an opposite trend was observed in the aerobically digested sludge, in which a longer SRT resulted in a lower estrogenic activity. Introducing ultrasound treatment to the digestion system
was found to slightly increase the estrogenic activity in the digested sludge.
Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.