SSOs AND ZERO DISCHARGE: REVIEW OF RECENT PERMITTING AND CONSENT DECREE REQUIREMENTS
Abstract:In an EPA enforcement notice, the EPA has stated that it wants zero sanitary sewer outflow (SSO) discharge from collection systems. However, this is not an absolute zero. For example, when there is local flooding, the EPA allows bypass discharge. While regulation of secondary treatment facilities requires the reduction of infiltration/inflows, the regulation does not require zero discharge. Further, peak excess flow treatment facilities (PEFTFs) have been developed to supplement secondary treatment facilities during periods of wet weather inflows. Lastly, the EPA's capacity, management, operations, and maintenance (CMOM) regulations contain no reference to zero discharge.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2007-01-01
More about this publication?
- Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites