Skip to main content


Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

This paper will advance the argument that today's biosolids produced and managed under multiple layers of Federal, State, and local regulation are virtually risk free to public health and the environment for all of the commonly used biosolids management practices of land application, surface disposal, landfilling, and incineration. An effective national pretreatment program administered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and the States as well as appropriate local limit pretreatment programs have produced biosolids with trace chemical pollutant concentrations orders of magnitude lower than needed to produce human health and environmental impacts. Results from years of peer reviewed research confirm that trace concentrations of chemical pollutants in biosolids do not cause any detectable adverse human health or ecological impacts.

This paper will present a history of USEPA's program on the evaluation and regulation of chemical pollutants in biosolids. The paper concludes that the trend of this program indicates that USEPA also has concluded that further attention or regulatory action on chemical pollutants in biosolids not already in the Part 503 Standards is not warranted.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more