Skip to main content

Two Year Case Study of Integrated Fixed Film Activated Sludge (IFAS) at Broomfield, CO WWTP

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.

or click here to sign up for a free trial


The City & County of Broomfield wastewater treatment plant secondary treatment processes were upgraded to a new biological nutrient removal process described as Integrated Fixed Film Activated Sludge (IFAS) back in 2003 using a moving bed plastic carrier element to help grow the biomass. This allows the existing aerobic reactors to maintain nitrification during year round operation while still operating near conventional activated sludge solids retention times (SRT) one would find in just carbonaceous treatment plants. The upgraded IFAS system includes anaerobic and anoxic reactors to help meet new effluent Total Nitrogen and Total Phosphorus limits. The performance of the entire system since July 2003 averaged effluent concentrations of 2.4 mg/L for BOD, 4.2 mg/L for TSS, 0.3 mg/L for NH3-N, 8.3 mg/L for NOx-N and 1.25 mg/L for TP while operationally during this period of time the aerobic suspended MLSS SRT averaged 4 days, the MLSS concentration averaged 1,718 mg/L and the SVI averaged 120 mL/L. The plant has operated with one set point for both the RAS and WAS rates for months at a time while meeting these very consistent effluent results.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more