Skip to main content

Effectiveness and Kinetics of Ferrate as a Disinfectant for Ballast Water

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


The objective of the study was to determine whether ferrate could meet the international standards for successful ballast water treatment, including final concentrations of less than 1 CFU/ml of Enterococci, less than 2.5 CFUs/ml of Escherichia coli, and less than 1 CFU/100 mls of Vibrio cholerae. Pure cultures of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and V. cholerae, and a mixed culture of Enterococcus faecium and E. faecilis, were grown in saline solution to simulate ballast water, and were treated with dosages of ferrate ranging from 0.25–5.0 mg/l. A ferrate dose of 5 mg/l resulted in complete disinfection of all organisms tested, and smaller dosages were also very effective. Tailing was consistently observed, and the Hom's model appeared to most accurately represent the action of ferrate on these organisms. Salinity and pH did not adversely affect results, and regrowth was not a problem. Ferrate shows good potential as an effective disinfectant in the treatment of ballast water.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2006-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more