Skip to main content

Time vs. Space: Two Successful Biological Nutrient Removal Strategies

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.

or click here to sign up for a free trial


Two distinct strategies have been practiced successfully for nutrient removals at a facility. One utilizes a continuous flow strategy with designated anaerobic, anoxic and aerobic zones. This strategy was targeted for biological nitrogen and phosphorus removal with minimal chemical addition. The other utilizes anaerobic, anoxic and aerobic cycle times in sequence at existing basins under a timer control. Chemical addition is a primary means of phosphorus removal in this strategy.

Results show good performance in meeting current discharge limits. Process parameters for design and operation are presented with corresponding discussion on advantages and disadvantages of two strategies.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more