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Most public utilities routinely develop, or update, their Capital Improvement Plans (CIP) to project facility needs, identify discrete projects, estimate costs, and prioritize capital expenditures to keep up with the changing facility needs based on changes in land-use, demographics,
environmental mandates, or any number of other factors affecting a utility. The CIP is the critical outcome of the longer term project planning process.
Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.