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Rehabilitation of a Large Semi-Elliptical Sewer

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The Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County (Districts) own, operate, and maintain a wastewater treatment and collection system that includes approximately 1300 miles of sanitary sewers ranging from 6 to 144 inches in diameter. A portion of the Districts' Joint Outfall “A” Trunk Sewer was constructed of cast-in-place reinforced concrete having a semi-elliptical cross section and included an interior lining of vitrified clay tiles for corrosion protection. This paper describes the rehabilitation of approximately 15,200 feet of 114- and 126-inch semi-elliptical sewer using a flexible and spiral wound polyvinyl chloride (PVC) liner embedded in a structural grout.

The 114- and 126-inch semi-elliptical Joint Outfall “A” Trunk Sewer was constructed in the late 1920s. The sewer is located immediately upstream of the Districts' Joint Water Pollution Control Plant in the City of Carson, California and conveys a peak flow of 100 cfs. Over the years, the majority of the vitrified clay tiles above the low flow level became dislodged and allowed debris to accumulate in the sewer to depths of approximately two to four feet, significantly reducing the capacity of the sewer. Moreover, physical inspections of the sewer and manholes indicated that the exposed concrete had corroded up to four inches at some locations.

An 8.5 million contract to rehabilitate 6500 feet of 114-inch and 700 feet of 126-inch semielliptical sewer was awarded in May of 2001. Construction of this contract was successfully completed in October 2003. A second contract for 12.6 million to rehabilitate 8000 feet of 114-inch semi-elliptical sewer was awarded in March 2005. One-half of the lining on the second contract has been completed and it is anticipated that the remaining work will be completed by October 2006. Both contracts specified the rehabilitation system to be installed by person-entry methods and the selection of the contractor was based not only on the overall bid price, but also on the contractor's proposal and approach to the project.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2006

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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