Skip to main content

Factors Affecting Cyanide Generation in Chlorinated Wastewater Effluent Matrix

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Abstract:

False positives for cyanide analysis in wastewaters have been reported. We examined the effects of storage time at high pH and of pH adjustments on the cyanide levels. Cyanide levels changed within the holding time allowed by Standard Methods. We also studied the difference in cyanide levels using two disinfection conditions -- breakpoint chlorination and chloramination. Glycine was used as the precursor to study the cyanide formation pathways. Under breakpoint chlorination conditions, cyanide formation is complete relatively quickly and detectable cyanogen chloride is produced. On the other hand, chloramination yields cyanide through a relatively slow, base-catalyzed reaction. Chloramination followed by dechlorination with sodium arsenite and addition of NaOH results in cyanide levels that increase significantly upon reanalysis in the first 24 hours and then remain relatively constant after that time. Cyanogen chloride (CNCl) was <5 ppb in samples disinfected with chloramination. Mechanisms are proposed that explain the very different cyanide results that are obtained when disinfection is carried out under breakpoint chlorination conditions versus chloramination conditions.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864706783763002

Publication date: January 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
wef/wefproc/2006/00002006/00000007/art00019
dcterms_title,dcterms_description,pub_keyword
6
5
20
40
5

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more