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Clean Watersheds Needs Survey – 2004 Report to Congress & 2008 Survey Advancements

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The Clean Watersheds Needs Survey (CWNS) 2004 Report to Congress (RtC) documents the nation's needs for improving and protecting wastewater quality and wastewater-related public health.

This paper presents the major qualitative findings of the CWNS 2004 RtC, including: (1) a comparison of needs distribution by category between the CWNS 2000 RtC and the CWNS 2004 RtC; (2) the levels of CWNS 2004 needs reporting by category; and (3) highlights of CWNS 2004 needs in small communities and various geographic regions of the country.

This paper also summarizes main goals for advancing CWNS for the 2008 survey: (1) maximizing efficiency and quality of data collection efforts by providing an automated, web-based option (in addition to the current paper-based process) for states to collect data from local communities; (2) minimizing state and local data collection and submission efforts by sharing data between other EPA data systems and the CWNS data entry system; and (3) improving data utility by updating the CWNS data suite and enhancing internet methods for accessing and using CWNS data.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2006-01-01

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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