Skip to main content

Wastewater Management in the Community of El Valle de la Union – A Pilot Project Initiative to improve Water Quality in the Gatuncillo Sub-Watershed

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


Inadequate wastewater management practices from small communities are becoming a serious contamination threat to the public health and water quality of the Gatuncillo Sub-watershed which belongs to the Panama Canal watershed. Gatuncillo is considered a high priority subwatershed due to its various water uses, such as public water supply, recreational activities, fishing, and operations of the Panama Canal. Typically wastewater systems consist of septic tanks and latrines with deficiencies in construction and design. The poor infrastructures combined with lack of maintenance and physical conditions (soil types and terrain) are causing wastewater from household systems to reach nearby streams, rivers, and yards.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2006-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more