Design, Bidding, and Construction Experiences of Publicly Owned and Operated Onsite Wastewater Systems in Four Communities
USDA Rural Development, Iowa (USDA RD) has funded 4 EPA Model 5 Management type onsite wastewater projects; 2 projects are with existing rural water utilities, 1 project with a city, and 1 project with a county government. All are existing communities with a small user base and low household incomes. The design, bidding, and construction of these types of onsite wastewater projects, while simple for a single homeowner, is compounded 40 fold for a small community project. This paper will discuss the experiences of these 4 projects, provide insight on what we have learned and the design guide developed to use for future community based onsite wastewater projects.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2006-01-01
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