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The Challenge of the Future: Operating Emerging Disinfection Technologies

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The Clean Water Act (1972 and 1977) established the basis for regulating pollutant discharges into the waters of the United States. This Act contains many provisions regulating pollutant discharges and surface water quality in the United States. This act has also been modified by numerous revisions and amendments since it was enacted in 1972. The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program (authorized by the Clean Water Act) regulates point sources that discharge pollutants into waters of the United States in an effort to control water pollution.

Disinfection of treated sanitary wastewater, stormwater (through CSOs) is a key unit process used by the wastewater treatment industry to meet NPDES permit requirements and protect the receiving water (and downstream drinking water treatment plant intakes) from harmful pollutants.

Numerous disinfection processes are available for wastewater disinfection. This paper will discuss the existing wastewater disinfection options available to design engineers. It will also provide insight to emerging disinfection technologies for wastewater treatment systems and the apparent advantages/disadvantages of these systems.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2006

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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