AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT OF PERSONAL CARE PRODUCT INGREDIANTS
Abstract:Consumer products are broadly dispersed and the environmental safety of their ingredients is not confined to specific localities. The primary disposal route for many of these ingredients is municipal wastewater collection and treatment systems and finally the aquatic environment. Assurance of safety for personal care product ingredients requires a comprehensive assessment of their environmental fate and potential effects in aquatic environments receiving municipal wastewater treatment effluent.
This paper presents an overview of procedures for collecting and assessing environmental fate and effects data. It includes a discussion of quantitative structure activity relationships (QSAR), ecotoxicity, fate and exposure modeling, environmental monitoring and ecoepidemiology, and the application of these tools to personal care product ingredients. Predictions of environmental concentrations and no effect concentrations are compared. In a tiered and iterative approach these predictions are to be continually refined as sales and distribution data change and methodologies improve.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2005
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