Skip to main content

PHARMACEUTICALS AND OTHER ORGANIC WATEWATER CONTAMINANTES IN WATER RESURCES IN THE UNITED STATES

Buy Article:

$9.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Since 1998, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has been developing analytical capabilities to measure pharmaceuticals and other organic wastewater contaminants (OWCs) in a variety of environmental matrices. Currently, the USGS can analyze more than 140 OWCs using a variety of LC/MS and GC/MS techniques. To date, over 500 samples from across the United States, representing a wide range of climatic and hydrologic conditions, have been analyzed for OWCs. Early research focused on broad-scale reconnaissance studies, providing the first nationwide data on the occurrence of OWCs in water resources of the United States. These results documented that OWCs are present in streams and, to a lesser extent, aquifers, particularly at sites that are immediately downstream or down gradient of contaminant sources. Some of the most frequently detected compounds included cholesterol (plant and animal steroid), DEET (insect repellent), caffeine (stimulant), triclosan (antimicrobial disinfectant), and tri(2-chloroethyl)phosphate (fire retardant). Prescription pharmaceuticals and antibiotics also have been detected at ng/L concentrations. Detection of multiple OWCs was common whenever an individual OWC was detected, with as many as 38 OWCs being found in a single water sample. This manuscript consists of excerpts of previously published information or presentations by the U.S. Geological Survey on occurrence of pharmaceuticals and organic wastewater compounds in water resources of the United States.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2005-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more