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Some utilities have discovered that a useful activity in the early stages of developing a reclaimed water program is compiling a program strategy and approach in the form of a business plan. The City of Olympia, Washington has taken this approach as it ventures into the arena of reclaimed water distribution. Initial steps in developing the program include:

Formulating a long-range vision for the program

Evaluating key policy issues surrounding implementation

Analyzing the reclaimed water market

Developing distribution system infrastructure requirements and associated costs

Providing a framework for financing capital investments

To convey water to customers located throughout the City and its urban growth area, Olympia envisions four distinct distribution system areas, each with its own piping, pumping, storage, and re-chlorination facilities. Construction of these systems is best approached in a phased manner, thereby minimizing rate impacts. The first customer sites targeted will be those with the largest demand and that are situated nearest production facilities. Capital costs and annual operation and maintenance costs have been developed for major components of all the envisioned distribution system phases. A general financing plan has been incorporated into the City's Business Plan for Reclaimed Water Distribution to quantify the financial impact to City customers of implementing the reclaimed water program. A more detailed plan will be developed as the program evolves.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2005-01-01

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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