BENEFITS OF AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO WATER RECLAMATION FACILITY DESIGN AND OPERATION
Abstract:Water reclamation facility design has traditionally been based on an “add-on” approach, wherein the facility is viewed as a combination of two distinct plants - a secondary treatment plant at the front end and an advanced treatment plant at the back end. The secondary treatment plant is typically designed and operated as a wastewater plant for removal of conventional pollutants, and all of the “reclamation” is assumed to occur at the back end in the advanced treatment (filtration / disinfection) processes. While the origin of this philosophy is understandable in that most reclamation facilities were expansions of existing secondary treatment facilities, the approach results in higher capital and operations costs because it fails to utilize the synergies that exist between the different treatment processes. A better approach is to view all processes as part of a single integrated system with the common end goal of producing high quality reclaimed water. Such an approach would make optimal use of all the synergies between the different processes, including the effect of secondary treatment sludge retention time (SRT) on filtration and disinfection performance, and the linkages between the filtration and disinfection processes. This paper presents the details of such an integrated approach and discusses the several associated benefits.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2005-01-01
More about this publication?
- Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.
WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites