Skip to main content


Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


Integrated Fixed-film Activated Sludge (IFAS) systems is a hybrid system consisting of both suspended and fixed biomass growth, and it is achieved by incorporating a media that support biofilms in existing aeration basin. By promoting the growth of both carbonaceous-removing and nitrifying bacteria, an integrated fixed-film activated sludge (IFAS) process can improve effluent quality without expanding the plant significantly. The fixed biomass, which grows on the captive support media, provides a higher biomass inventory without significantly increasing the suspended solids inventory. This significantly increases the biological capacity of the system without increasing the physical aeration basin size. The demonstration of the IFAS technology has shown that the installation of fixed film media within an existing aeration basin can provide substantial improvements in effluent quality and process operations. This paper discusses several popular IFAS systems and presents case studies to illustrate the application of the technology.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2005-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more