Skip to main content

ANAEROBIC TREATMENT OF ARMY AMMUNITION PRODUCTION WASTEWATER CONTAINING PERCHLORATE AND RDX

Buy Article:

$9.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Perchlorate is an oxidizer that has had extensive use in military propellants (e.g., solid rocket motors). Royal Demolition Explosives (RDX) is a high explosive that has been used in many military explosives. A new generation of explosives is under development which will incorporate perchlorate and RDX together for the first time in a high explosive. The purpose of the research reported on herein was to evaluate treatment options for wastewaters which will be generated from the load assemble and pack of munitions containing RDX and perchlorate together. In addition to hazardous to the environment, perchlorate and RDX can be detrimental to human health by acting as endocrine disrupting compounds and potential carcinogens. Biological degradation, through the use of Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Reactors (AFBR), has been shown successful for treatment of perchlorate contaminated wastewater, and separately for treatment of RDX in wastewater. In order to determine the effectiveness of removal of RDX and perchlorate individually and when co-mingled, three AFBRs were employed. The performance of the bioreactors was monitored by measuring effluent for RDX, perchlorate, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and volatile fatty acids (VFA), while the influent was monitored only for RDX and perchlorate. The results showed that the biodegradation of perchlorate and RDX was more effective in bioreactors receiving single contaminant than in bioreactors receiving two contaminants.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2005-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more