Skip to main content

USE OF YARD WASTE COMPOST: EROSION REDUCTION FOR STORMWATER QUALITY PROTECTION

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Abstract:

In recent years, improving storm water quality from construction sites has been a concern for federal, state, and local regulatory agencies. A demonstration study was proposed by the City of Lincoln, Nebraska and the Lower Platte South Natural Resources District to compare the water quality improvement characteristics of yard waste compost with other erosion treatments.

Six different test plots, each approximately 37-m2, were constructed on a north-facing 3:1 slope in Lincoln, Nebraska. The plots were tested for water quality and vegetation supporting parameters from April 23 to November 1, 2004 using natural events and simulated rainfall. Rainfall, runoff, total suspended solids (TSS), mass erosion, biomass, and cost comparisons were conducted.

The natural events and simulated rainfall that were recorded during the study period was close to the local average. It was observed that a 5-cm pneumatically blown compost blanket was approximately 11 times more effective at reducing runoff and approximately 5 times more effective at reducing sediment transport when compared to a straw mat and silt fence treatment.

A study of the above-ground biomass in the compost treatments showed that the compost helped to support 10 times more vegetation than the straw mat treatments. Compost performs similarly in cost comparisons to straw mat with silt fence treatments when the compost is applied using a blower truck. The cost of installing compost blankets with a manure spreader was approximately 33-percent of straw mat with silt fence treatments when applied over larger areas.

The benefits of yard waste compost use are derived from increased water retention, reduced sediment load, improved fescue growth, and installation costs similar to straw mat with silt fence.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/193864705783866469

Publication date: 2005-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more