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This paper summarizes Chapter 4 of the Water Environment Federation (2005) Clarifier Design Manual of Practice, which discusses secondary clarifier design principles. It also covers design criteria, factors that impact sludge settleability, and clarifier performance enhancements.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2005

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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