organic and inorganic membrane Fouling in the “non-conventional low mlss mbr technology”
In the future, upgrading of existing wastewater treatment plants will be more important than the erection of wholly new plants, as most of the plants necessary in Germany already exist. The application of MBR technology for the upgrading of conventional plants includes the possibility of using the existing tanks, resulting in an operation mode which, compared to standard MBR systems, operates with an unusual low MLSS concentration in the range of 4 kg MLSS·m−3 through 7 kg MLSS·m−3 depending on the existing tank volume which will be used (Frechen et al. 2004).
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2005
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