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In recognition of the fact that effective and efficient management of decentralized wastewater systems is necessary for advancing environmental protection and supporting sustainable rural socio-economic growth in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the Somerset Rural Electric Cooperative has developed a Sewage Management Assessment Model (SMAM) to evaluate the cost effectiveness of implementing decentralized Sewage Management Programs (SMP) in rural Pennsylvania. The model utilizes the type and numbers of decentralized sewage systems; monitoring and maintenance requirements/frequencies; and the number of sewage system malfunctions; and estimated repair costs as primary inputs in developing the sewage management program costs. These costs are evaluated against a certain level of state Act 537 reimbursement in determining the cost-effectiveness of implementing a rural SMP. The model looks at the percent dependence on groundwater for potable water supply and an affordable monthly user fee as part of the cost-effectiveness assessment.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2005-01-01

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