TECHNICAL COMPARISON OF NINE TREATMENT ALTERNATIVES TO ACHIEVE 0.1 MG/L EFFLUENT PHOSPHORUS
Abstract:The ability to achieve an effluent having a phosphorus concentration below 0.1 mg/L is becoming increasingly important. Nine alternative technologies that can be considered for these reclamation and reuse applications are developed. A survey of full-scale plants utilizing the developed alternatives is conducted and presented. Both membrane and non-membrane alternatives are compared. The paper includes a discussion of the functional mechanisms related to phosphorus removal to low concentrations, as well as a discussion of the breakdown of the phosphorus concentration into its soluble, particulate and colloidal constituents.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2005
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