BRINGING ENERGY EFFICIENCY TO THE WATER AND WASTEWATER INDUSTRY: HOW DO WE GET THERE?
Electricity use in 2004 for the water and wastewater industries in the U.S. was approximately 107 billion kWh/yr, or about 3% of retail electricity sales, and is projected to grow to 120 billion kWh/yr by 2010. Currently, energy is consumed in over 161,000 public water systems and over 16,000 publicly owned municipal wastewater treatment works. Energy efficiency improvements and advanced treatment technologies have the potential to slow energy growth while improving water and wastewater processes. The main energy consuming aspects of water systems are distribution pumping, untreated water pumping, and treatment processes, with distribution pumping accounting for the majority of energy use. Though currently relatively small, the share of energy consumption in water treatment processes is growing due to improvements in pumping plant efficiency and requirements for greater levels of water treatment. This paper describes the energy use characteristics of water and wastewater systems and provides a methodology for improving energy management practices.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2005-01-01
More about this publication?
- Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.
WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites