Occurrence of Nonylphenol, Nonylphenol Ethoxylate Surfactants and Nonylphenol Carboxylic Acids in Wastewater in Japan
Abstract:Nonylphenol (NP) is known to be byproduct of nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPnEO) which are used as detergent in industries. It is important that not only NP but also NPnEO and their related substances are analyzed when behavior of NP in wastewater treatment process is surveyed. NPnEO are biodegraded to shorter ethoxylate (EO) chain NPnEO or nonylphenol carboxylates (NPnEC) under aerobic condition, and then biodegraded to NP under anaerobic condition. NP is one of the suspected endocrine disruptors (EDs). Moreover, shorter EO chain NPnEO has greater toxicity than longer EO chain NPnEO. We conducted a field survey of NP and its related substances in 20 wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The concentrations (median) of NP and its related substances in the WWTPs influent ranged from 0.1 to 8.3 μg/l, showing NP concentration as the same level as those previously reported. The reduction of the long EO chain NPnEO in the WWTPs was almost complete, while the removal efficiency for the short EO chain NPnEO was less significant than the long EO chain NPnEO, suggesting that the degradation rate of the short EO chain NPnEO was smaller than that of the long EO chain NPnEO in the wastewater treatment processes.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2005
More about this publication?
- Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites