Skip to main content

PCB Waste Minimization Plans: A Key Component for Achieving PCB Load Reductions in the Delaware Estuary

Buy Article:

$9.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

In December 2003, EPA Regions II and III issued Stage 1 TMDLs for Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in the Delaware Estuary. These TMDLs were based on modeling and data assessments led by the Delaware River Basin Commission (DRBC). External daily loads of penta-PCBs were estimated for principal source categories that included contaminated sites, non-point sources, point discharges, tributaries, the non-tidal Delaware River, wet and dry atmospheric deposition, and CSOs. Summation of daily loads allowed direct comparison of the relative magnitudes of the different source categories. DRBC's assessment showed that PCBs were entering the estuary from a variety of regulated and unregulated sources, including point sources. Broad approaches for achieving load reductions would be necessary.

The initial implementation of the Stage 1 PCB TMDLs includes issuing non-numeric water quality-based effluent limits (WQBELs) to NPDES regulated dischargers. These non-numeric WQBELs would take the form of requirements to monitor discharges using Method 1668A and to implement a PCB pollutant minimization program.

Because NPDES permits in the estuary are issued separately by the States of New Jersey and Delaware, and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, DRBC convened of working group of permit writers from the three states to develop consistent Pollutant Minimization Plan (PMP) Guidance. Prior to developing the PMP Guidance, the working group reviewed existing plans for facilities outside the basin for a variety of pollutants. Consistently, those plans lacked the specificity and the accountability that would increase the likelihood of achieving real load reductions. The working group developed new guidance that specifically addressed the complexities associated with PCBs and the need for measuring, demonstrating, and reporting load reduction progress.

Since the facilities themselves are in the best position to identify and implement strategies for load reduction, we proposed a Guidance document that would:

Convey the specific elements necessary for a successful minimization plan;


Suggest a consistent framework for communicating those elements to the regulators;


Allow flexible, creative, site-specific load reduction strategies; and


Document load reductions.


This paper discusses the specific elements in the Waste Minimization Plan Guidance with special emphasis on demonstrating progress. We will also describe how waste minimization fits within the larger framework of cross-cutting strategies, as well as the benefits of waste minimization versus end-of-pipe controls.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2005-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more