Skip to main content

Evaluation of a Membrane Process for Water Reuse

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


A membrane bioreactor and reverse osmosis (MBR-RO) system was developed to assess potential reuse applications of municipal wastewater. The objective of the study was to examine the water quality throughout the system with a focus on waterborne pathogens, and disinfection by-products (DBPs). This study has shown that high quality reuse water can be produced from municipal wastewater through the use of an MBR-RO system followed by disinfection. The disinfected reuse water meets California Title 22 strictest water reuse regulations for non-potable applications and US EPA drinking water limits for trihalomethanes (80 μg/L), haloacetic acids (60 μg/L), chlorite (1.0 mg/L), total coliform (not detectable) and viruses (not detectable). However, THM formation (182 to 689 μg/L) due to chlorine cleaning of the MBR's ultrafiltration (UF) membrane and incomplete removal by subsequent RO treatment resulted in reuse water THM levels (53.6 ± 23.1 μg/L) high enough to present a potential concern in drinking water applications.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2005-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more