SOURCES AND FATE OF NITROSODIMETHYLAMINE (NDMA) AND NDMA PRECURSORS IN MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Abstract:To assess the occurrence and fate of NDMA and its precursors wastewater treatment plants, samples from wastewater treatment plants and industrial sources were analyzed for NDMA, total NDMA precursors and dimethylamine (DMA). The median concentration of NDMA in untreated wastewater was approximately 80 ng/L with maximum concentrations of up to 790 ng/L, presumably due to sources unrelated to domestic sewage. Concentrations of DMA in untreated wastewater ranged from approximately 50 to 120 μg/L and accounted for a majority of the NDMA precursors. The removal of NDMA during secondary biological treatment exhibited considerable variability, with overall removal ranging from 0 to 75%. In contrast, removal of NDMA precursors and DMA usually exceeded 70%. The median concentration of NDMA in secondary effluent prior to disinfection was 46 ng/L. Although DMA was removed during secondary treatment, other NDMA precursors in wastewater effluent will result in formation of additional NDMA upon disinfection with chloramines.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2004-01-01
More about this publication?
- Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites