Effluent Guidelines Review of Two Industries: Organic Chemicals, Plastics, and Synthetic Fibers and Petroleum Refining
The U.S. Environment Protection Agency (EPA) establishes technology-based national regulations, termed “effluent guidelines,” to reduce pollutant discharges from industrial facilities to waters of the United States. The Clean Water Act (CWA) requires EPA to establish a schedule for the annual review and revision of all existing effluent guidelines and industrial sectors without effluent guidelines. Each industrial point source category is evaluated separately. After identifying and considering a number of sources of data, EPA relies primarily on data reported to the TRI and PCS to estimate the pounds of pollutants discharged by industry categories. EPA estimates the hazard of the discharged pounds of pollutants by calculating hazard scores using pollutant-specific toxic weighting factors. This paper provides an overview of EPA's effluent guidelines review and preliminary results for the two industrial categories identified in its 2003 and 2004 effluent guidelines annual reviews: Organic Chemicals, Plastics, and Synthetic Fibers (OCPSF) (40 CFR 414); and Petroleum Refining (40 CFR 419).
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2004-01-01
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