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Water restrictions, the requirement to reduce total maximum daily loads (TMDLs), and the emergence of stormwater utilities have lead to the development of an automated intelligent system (“I-Water”) for water use and control. With the use of this system, water stored in ponds and in the ground is not discharged to surface waters because it is used to meet the water demands, such as, lawn irrigation, environmental protection, and agriculture, drinking and industrial uses.

The drop in groundwater levels and the increasing use of reclaimed water illustrates a need for an additional water supply. Ground water depletion is occurring which is destroying wetland areas and reducing spring flows. There is a noted reduction in the amount of available reclaim water and that supply is diminishing. TMDLs are being enforced and in the State of Florida Phase I & II studies are being implemented. The automation, water quality monitoring and database that an Intelligent Water (“I-Water”) controller provides should be considered as an option to assist in TMDL reduction and in providing an alternative water supply. Using advanced technology is an efficient and effective way to manage this resource. Presented is an automated controller integrating multiple sensors, used to collect data and remotely control the flow of water. The controller will decrease O&M costs and monitor TMDLs in non-point sources.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2004

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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